Metallic titanium was obtained only in 1910 by M. A. Hunter. Titanium ranks 10th in the Earth’s crust, it is more abundant than manganese, chromium, copper, vanadium and some other metals. As compared to other structural materials, titanium is characterized by a higher specific strength and corrosion resistance. The major part of titanium is consumed by aerospace and rocket engineering and marine shipbuilding.

Titanium finds its application in the manufacture of welding electrodes and heavy-duty structural steels. This metal is used for alloying, deoxidation and degassing high-grade steels and alloys.

Ferrotitanium lumps should be free of slag, sand and other materials, both on the outer surface and in fracture zones. Only oxide films and traces of foundry facing are allowed.

Ferrotitanium is delivered in crushed lumps not more than 15 kg in mass. The maximum amount of fines passing 10-mm sieve should not exceed 6 % of the batch mass for ferrotitanium grades FTi70C05 (ФТи70С05), FTi70C1 (ФТи70С1) and 10 % for other grades. The amount of fines is not specified for ferrotitanium used to produce welding materials.

Ferrotitanium is transported in special containers, steel drums and wooden boxes. Transportation of bulk ferrotitanium is allowed.